VPN

Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) have become increasingly popular over the past few years, providing users with enhanced security and privacy when accessing the internet.

VPNs offer a range of benefits that can be of great benefit to individuals, businesses, and organizations in terms of protecting their data and online activity.

This article will explore how VPNs work, explore their various features and benefits, as well as discuss some potential drawbacks.

The use of VPNs has been used by many different groups for a variety of purposes. For instance, they can be used to access content that is blocked or restricted in certain countries, secure sensitive data from cyber-attacks, and prevent malicious activities such as identity theft. Additionally, they are often used to bypass government censorship or surveillance.

In addition to these uses, there are also several other advantages associated with using a VPN that are worth considering. These include increased privacy and anonymity online, improved speed when browsing the web and access to a wider range of content.

This article will examine each of these benefits in detail so readers can gain an understanding of how VPNs work and how they can be used efficiently for their own individual needs.

What Is A VPN?

A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a technology used to create a secure connection between two or more devices in different locations. It is commonly used to provide remote access to corporate networks for employees and other authorized users, as well as for the protection of online activities when connecting to public Wi-Fi hotspots. VPNs are also widely used by individuals who want to keep their activities private, such as online banking or shopping.

The primary purpose of a VPN is to encrypt data that is sent over the network. This encryption prevents hackers from accessing the data and can also help protect against malware and other malicious attacks. Additionally, a VPN can be used to bypass geo-restrictions which may be imposed by some websites or services.

By using a VPN, individuals and organizations can ensure that their data remains secure while they are connected to the internet. With its ability to mask one’s IP address, it also allows for more privacy when browsing the web or conducting other online activities. In addition, it can provide access to content that would otherwise not be available due to geographic restrictions.

Benefits Of Using A VPN

The use of a virtual private network (VPN) has become increasingly popular, as it provides users with enhanced security when they are online by masking their IP address and encrypting their data. VPNs also offer a range of other benefits which have made them attractive to businesses, individuals, and organisations who need secure access to the internet.

This article will consider some of the most significant advantages that come with the use of a VPN.

One of the main benefits of using a VPN is that it allows users to access websites and services which may not be available in their region due to geo-restrictions. By connecting to a server located in another country where these restrictions do not apply, users can bypass these blocks and gain access to content from around the world.

This is especially useful for individuals travelling abroad or those who wish to watch streaming services from outside their home country.

In addition, using a VPN can provide added privacy for an individual’s online activity as it creates an encrypted tunnel between their device and the server they are connected to. Any data sent through this connection is protected from potential interception by third parties such as hackers or government surveillance agencies.

This makes it ideal for anyone concerned about the security of their personal information or financial details when browsing online.

The use of a VPN also gives users more control over how they appear on the internet by allowing them to choose where they appear geographically when accessing certain sites or services. For example, if you are based in Europe but want to access US-based content such as streaming services or news outlets, you can connect to a server in America and appear as though you are accessing these sites from within that region.

This is particularly useful for businesses which need global reach but must comply with local regulations in different countries.

Overall, there are many benefits associated with using a VPN ranging from improved privacy and security protection, unrestricted access to content worldwide, and more control over how one appears on the internet. These features make them attractive choices for individuals, businesses and organisations who require secure access to the web without sacrificing convenience or performance.

How Does A VPN Work?

A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a technology used for providing secure access to the internet and other networks. By using a VPN, users can establish an encrypted connection with a remote server and thereby protect their data from being intercepted by unauthorized parties. To understand how a VPN works, it is important to understand the different components that make up this technology.

The first component of a VPN is the encryption protocol which helps ensure that data sent over the network is kept secure. This is done by scrambling the data before it is sent over the network, making it impossible for any third party to read or modify it in transit. The second component of a VPN is authentication.

This ensures that only authorized users can access the network and prevents malicious actors from gaining access. Lastly, there are protocols that are used to establish and maintain a secure connection between the user and the server, such as IPsec, PPTP and L2TP/IPsec.

Through these components, a VPN provides multiple layers of security which makes it resistant against various attacks such as man-in-the-middle attacks where an attacker intercepts communication between two endpoints to gain access to sensitive information.

Additionally, since all traffic sent through a VPN is encrypted, users can securely access web content without worrying about censorship or surveillance from third parties or government agencies. All in all, using a VPN has become an essential part of online privacy and security today.

Types Of VPNs

There are various types of VPNs that can be utilized for different purposes. A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a technology that creates an encrypted connection between two devices, allowing them to securely access the internet without any third-party interference. It provides users with both privacy and anonymity by encrypting their data and providing a secure network connection.

The two main types of VPNs are site-to-site and client-to-site VPNs. Site-to-site VPNs establish a secure connection between two networks across the internet, such as connecting an office branch to its headquarters. Client-to-site VPNs establish a secure connection between one device and a remote server, allowing users to access resources or services from anywhere in the world.

Additionally, some providers offer dedicated IP addresses or multiple protocol support which can enhance the security of their network connections.

In addition to these two main types of VPNs, there are also mobile VPNs which allow users to connect securely while on the go. These use specialized protocols designed for mobile devices such as smartphones or tablets and enable users to enjoy public Wi-Fi connections without worrying about their safety.

Mobile VPNs are typically used in workplaces that have strict security policies in place and require employees to stay connected while traveling or working remotely.

Overall, Virtual Private Networks provide users with enhanced security, privacy, and anonymity by creating a secure tunnel between two devices over the internet. With this technology, it is possible for individuals or organizations to securely access resources from anywhere in the world without compromising their safety or security.

Setting Up A VPN

The task of setting up a virtual private network (VPN) involves configuring the network’s hardware and software in order to establish a secure connection between two or more devices. A wide range of VPNs are available, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.

Setting up a VPN requires a detailed understanding of the specific technology that is being used, as well as an understanding of the security protocols employed by the provider.

When setting up a VPN, there are several steps that must be taken in order to ensure a secure connection between all devices involved. The first step is to select an appropriate type of VPN for your needs; this will depend on various factors such as the number of users and data that needs to be transferred through the network.

Once the type of VPN has been determined, it is necessary to configure both hardware and software settings on all relevant systems before connecting them together.

For example, if using an IPsec-based VPN, then both endpoints will require authentication information to be set up.

Finally, once all components have been configured correctly, it is important to test the connection thoroughly and verify that no unauthorised access is possible. Additionally, it is essential to keep track of any changes made over time in order to ensure continued security and performance levels within the VPN environment. By following these steps, users can ensure that their setup remains secure and reliable over time.

Best Practices For Using A VPN

Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) have become an increasingly popular technology for businesses and individuals alike. By providing a secure connection to another network, VPNs can help protect users from external threats, as well as allowing access to data and resources on other networks. When using a VPN, however, it is important to be aware of the best practices that should be followed in order to maximize security.

The first step in using a VPN securely is to ensure that the credentials used for authentication are strong enough that they cannot be easily guessed. This means using complex passwords and ensuring two-factor authentication is enabled if available. It is also important to select a provider with a good reputation for security and keeping up to date with software updates as these may contain important security fixes.

Finally, it is vital that any traffic sent over the VPN connection is encrypted so that no one else can view it while in transit. This can be achieved by selecting an encryption protocol such as OpenVPN or IPSec which provides strong encryption capabilities.

Additionally, the use of public WiFi networks should be avoided when possible as these are much more vulnerable than private connections such as those provided by home broadband routers. As long as these best practices are followed, users can take full advantage of the benefits offered by using a VPN without compromising their security and privacy online.

Security And Privacy Protection Provided By A VPN

The utilization of a Virtual Private Network (VPN) has become increasingly popular for its ability to provide users with security and privacy protection. VPNs are used to allow secure access to a private network, allowing users to transmit data across the public internet while maintaining the integrity of the data being transmitted.

A VPN is able to do this by establishing an encrypted connection between two endpoints, which can be two different networks or two computers within the same network. This encryption ensures that any data transmitted through the network is kept secure and private from any potential malicious third parties.

Additionally, many VPNs also offer additional features such as DNS leak protection, which prevents any DNS requests from leaking outside of the encrypted connection.

By using a VPN, users can be sure their data is kept secure and private while they are connected to a public or shared network. The encryption provided by a VPN also helps protect against man-in-the-middle attacks, in which attackers attempt to intercept traffic between two endpoints in order to gain access to sensitive information.

Furthermore, using a VPN can allow users access content that would otherwise be blocked due to geographic restrictions imposed by certain countries or ISPs.

In sum, implementing a Virtual Private Network provides various security and privacy protections for individuals when accessing public networks. Not only does it encrypt data transmission so that it remains secure from malicious parties, but it also offers additional features such as DNS leak protection and access to content that otherwise may not be available due to geographic restrictions.

Common Uses For A VPN

A virtual private network (VPN) provides a layer of security and privacy protection for users’ online activity. VPNs are increasingly being used to protect user’s data when accessing the internet and have become a standard tool for many people. Common uses for a VPN include protecting user data, bypassing geographical restrictions, and ensuring anonymity when browsing the web.

VPNs can be used to protect user data from interception by encrypting the connection between two points. This encrypts any information sent over the connection, making it unreadable to anyone who may try to intercept or eavesdrop on the connection.

Furthermore, VPNs can be used to bypass geographical restrictions by allowing users to connect to servers in different locations which can then access content that would otherwise be blocked or restricted due to geo-restrictions.

Lastly, VPNs provide anonymity when browsing the web by masking one’s IP address so that it appears as though they are connecting from a different location than their actual one. This helps prevent companies and organizations from tracking users’ online activities such as what websites they visit or what services they use.

Additionally, it also prevents ISPs from throttling connections based on certain types of traffic such as streaming services or gaming sites.

In summary, VPNs offer security and privacy protection by providing encryption of user data, bypassing geographical restrictions, and masking IP addresses when browsing the web. These features make them a powerful tool for protecting online activities while taking advantage of various services available on the internet.

Legal Considerations For Using A VPN

The use of a Virtual Private Network (VPN) has become increasingly popular as a tool to protect personal data, circumvent censorship, and access restricted content. While the benefits are clear, there are legal considerations that must be taken into account when using a VPN. Understanding these legal implications is an important part of making sure that the use of a VPN is compliant with relevant laws.

One of the most commonly associated legal issues with using a VPN is copyright infringement. The illegal downloading of copyrighted material through a VPN is generally established as a breach of copyright law in many countries.

In some cases, the company providing the VPN service can also be liable for any copyright infringement conducted by its users. It is therefore important to consider any potential risks before engaging in potentially illegal activities when using a VPN.

Privacy and data protection laws vary between countries and regions, so it is important to research any applicable laws and regulations before connecting to a VPN server located in another country or region. Additionally, it is important to be aware that some countries may block or restrict access to certain websites or services which could render the use of the VPN ineffective or even illegal in those jurisdictions.

Using a VPN should not be taken lightly; understanding potential risks and complying with applicable laws can help ensure that users remain safe while taking advantage of the benefits offered by such technology.

Troubleshooting VPN Issues

Troubleshooting virtual private network (VPN) issues requires an understanding of VPN protocols and configurations. A variety of factors can cause VPN connection problems, including incorrect user credentials and firewall settings. To identify the source of a problem, technicians must look at both local and remote sides of the connection.

The first step in troubleshooting VPN issues is to check the device logs for errors and warnings. This should be done on both the local and remote hosts involved in the connection. Additionally, it is important to ensure that all necessary ports are open on both devices, as well as any firewalls or antivirus software that might be interfering with communication.

Once these steps have been taken, further investigation into potential software or hardware failures may be needed.

In some cases, the problem may stem from outdated equipment or software, either on the local side or at the server end. If this is suspected to be a factor, it is important to install updates from trusted sources before attempting further troubleshooting steps.

Additionally, if a particular application is causing problems with VPNs, it may be necessary to uninstall or disable it temporarily while resolving the issue. With proper investigation and an understanding of how VPNs work, most connection issues can usually be solved relatively quickly.

Factors To Consider When Choosing A VPN

When choosing a Virtual Private Network (VPN), there are several factors to consider. These include security, speed, server locations, privacy policies, and cost. This article will explore each of these elements in detail and explain their importance when selecting a VPN.

Security is the most important aspect of any VPN. The encryption protocols used by the VPN should be up-to-date and able to protect users’ data from being accessed by third parties. It is also essential that the provider offers features like two-factor authentication and kill switch to ensure that no data is exposed when the connection drops.

Speed is also an important consideration when selecting a VPN. A good provider should offer fast connection speeds with minimal latency so users can access content without buffering or lagging issues. Additionally, it is important to check if the service has servers located in different parts of the world; this will guarantee faster connection speeds for users in different regions.

Privacy policies are another element to consider when choosing a VPN service. It is vital that users understand what data will be collected by the provider and how it will be used or shared with third parties. Additionally, it is essential to check if the provider will log user activity or allow torrenting on its servers before committing to a subscription plan.

Finally, cost plays an essential role in choosing a VPN service. Many providers offer free plans but they often come with limitations such as restricted data transfer limits or slow connection speeds; therefore it’s important to review any restrictions or additional costs associated with subscribing to a paid plan before making a purchase decision. Here are some key points to consider:

• Security: Make sure the encryption protocols used by the VPN are up-to-date and capable of protecting user data from third party access

• Speed: Look for providers that offer fast connections with minimal latency

• Server locations: Choose services with servers located across multiple regions for faster speeds

• Privacy policies: Understand what data will be collected by the provider and how it can be shared with third parties

• Cost: Review any restrictions associated with free plans before subscribing to a paid plan

VPN Performance And Speed

The performance and speed of a VPN are two important aspects to consider when selecting the right service. It is critical that users have access to the resources they need, with minimal disruption in the connection or streaming quality. Poor performance can be caused by several factors including server speed, encryption used, protocol settings, and data throughput.

VPNs employ either symmetric or asymmetric encryption to secure user data transmissions. Symmetric encryption uses one key for both encrypting and decrypting data, while asymmetric encryption uses two different keys for each process.

Asymmetric encryption is usually more secure but can also cause a slowdown compared to symmetric encryption due to its complexity. Additionally, protocols such as OpenVPN and IKEv2 are better performing than other options like PPTP but may require users to configure settings manually on their device.

The type of server a user connects to will also have an effect on performance and speed. For example, if multiple users are connected to the same server at the same time then it could lead to a decrease in performance due to congestion on the network.

Therefore, it is important for users to make sure they select a provider with servers located close enough so that latency won’t be an issue. Furthermore, good providers will also offer unlimited bandwidth so users can stream content without worrying about hitting any data caps or restrictions.

In summary, VPN performance and speed should be carefully considered when selecting a service provider as it can drastically affect user experience. Factors such as server location, types of encryption employed and protocols used can all have an impact on performance and speed of the connection.

Comparing VPNs

Comparing VPNs is an important task for those looking to remain secure and anonymous online. Before settling on a particular Virtual Private Network, it is wise to consider the various features and services offered by them in order to ensure that the chosen one is suitable for your needs.

Here are a few points to consider when comparing VPNs:

• Security protocols: Ensure that the VPN you choose has strong security protocols such as OpenVPN, IKEv2, or L2TP/IPSec.

• Speed of connection: Consider how quickly your data can be transferred across the network, with some VPNs providing faster speeds than others.

• Price: Compare the prices of different options and decide which one best suits your budget.

In addition to these basic considerations, there are many other factors that come into play when comparing VPNs such as logging policies, customer service, ease of use, compatibility with devices and operating systems, number of servers etc. It is important to do thorough research before making a decision in order to pick the best option for you.

Alternatives To Using A VPN

The use of a virtual private network (VPN) is one way to access content, websites, and services that may be blocked by geographic location. Although VPNs can provide anonymity, there are alternatives available for users who want to bypass geographical restrictions without using a VPN.

One alternative to a VPN is the use of proxies. A proxy server acts as an intermediary between a user’s computer and the internet by routing the user’s internet traffic through its own IP address. A proxy provides anonymity and helps bypass website blocks but it does not encrypt data like a VPN would. Additionally, some free proxies have been known to contain malware and should be avoided at all costs.

Another option is to use a Smart DNS service which allows users to mask their IP address while surfing the web. This method also allows users to access geo-restricted content without needing encryption or other security measures provided by a VPN. However, unlike VPNs, Smart DNS services do not change the user’s IP address or hide it from malicious actors on the web.

In summary, there are several viable alternatives for those wishing to bypass geographical restrictions online without using a VPN. While each option has its own pros and cons depending on user requirements, it is important to consider all options before making an informed decision about which type of service best suits individual needs.

Frequently Asked Questions About VPNs

Virtually Private Networks (VPNs) are becoming increasingly popular as a way to provide secure internet access. While VPNs offer many benefits, there are some frequently asked questions about them that should be addressed. This article will seek to answer these questions and provide an informed view of the advantages and disadvantages of using a VPN.

First, what exactly is a VPN? A VPN is a service provided by an external company that sets up an encrypted connection between the user’s computer and the internet. It does this by establishing an end-to-end network tunnel between two computers, making all data transmitted over this tunnel secure and private from prying eyes.

With a VPN, users can browse the web anonymously while protecting their online activities from being monitored or tampered with by third parties. Here are some of the primary advantages of using a VPN:

• Improved privacy: VPNs help protect your online identity and activity by encrypting your data traffic so that it can’t be monitored or intercepted by third parties.

• Increased security: By shielding your online activities from eavesdroppers, hackers, and other malicious actors, using a VPN can help keep your information safe from unauthorized access.

• Accessibility: You can access blocked websites or services without having to worry about censorship or geographical limitations due to its ability to hide your IP address.

• Cost efficiency: Most providers offer competitively priced plans that make it cost-effective for individuals or businesses to use a reliable service for their needs.

• Improved performance: Since you don’t have to worry about interference from third parties, your connection speeds may be faster than when accessing websites without a VPN.

When considering whether or not to use a VPN, it is important to weigh the pros and cons of each option before making a decision. For example, while there are numerous benefits associated with the use of a VPN such as increased security and privacy, these services also come with some drawbacks like slower connection speeds and potential compatibility issues on certain devices or networks.

Additionally, users should always ensure they read through any terms of service agreements before signing up for any paid services in order to understand what they are agreeing to in terms of privacy policies and other restrictions associated with the use of the service itself.

In summary, while there are many advantages associated with using a Virtual Private Network (VPN), there are still some risks involved which must be considered before making the decision whether or not it is right for you or your business needs. Ultimately, taking into account all factors involved when evaluating different options available should help you select the best solution for your needs.

Frequently Asked Questions

IS A VPN Safe To Use?

Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) have become increasingly popular in recent times as they provide a secure and encrypted connection between two networks or devices, allowing users to access the internet safely and securely. However, it is important to note that there are certain risks associated with using a VPN. In this article, we will explore the safety of using a VPN.

Using a VPN can offer users great benefits such as increased privacy, anonymity, and security. It also allows users to access content that would otherwise be blocked due to geographical restrictions. However, there are some key points to consider when determining whether a VPN is safe to use:

• Are the encryption levels provided by the VPN sufficient?

• Does the provider have a no-logging policy?

• Can you trust the provider?

• Is the VPN compatible with your device(s)?

• Can you easily switch servers if needed?

When considering these factors, it is essential for users to do their research before choosing a VPN service provider. It is important to ensure that the provider has strong encryption levels, offers reliable speeds, and does not keep logs of user activity.

Additionally, it should be possible for users to switch servers quickly if needed and for them to trust their chosen provider. Ultimately, taking into account these points will help ensure that users choose an appropriate and safe VPN service provider.

How Much Does A VPN Cost?

The cost of a Virtual Private Network (VPN) is one of the most important aspects to consider when deciding whether or not to use one. There are several factors that influence the cost of a VPN, including the quality and features offered by the provider, and these can vary significantly from one to another.

Firstly, there is the monthly subscription fee charged by providers for access to their VPNs. These fees range from as low as $2 per month up to around $15 per month for more advanced services.

Secondly, some VPNs may require an additional setup fee or payment for associated software or hardware.

Thirdly, there are also free VPNs available but it should be noted that these can be less secure than paid services due to lack of updates and regular maintenance. Finally, there may be extra charges such as bandwidth limits or data caps imposed by some providers.

In summary, the cost of a VPN typically depends on what type of service is required and how much flexibility is needed in terms of usage and restrictions. The four primary factors that influence the price are subscription fees, setup costs, free options and extra charges incurred through data caps or bandwidth limits.

Therefore, it is important to research different providers before making a final decision on which one best meets your needs at an acceptable cost.

Is A VPN Necessary For Online Activities?

Whether or not a Virtual Private Network (VPN) is necessary for online activities depends on the user’s needs and activities. Generally speaking, a VPN is used to conceal a user’s identity, location and activities from other users, as well as to protect their data from malicious actors.

There are three main benefits to using a VPN when engaging in online activities:

1) enhanced security,

2) improved privacy, and

3) access to restricted websites.

When it comes to security, a VPN encrypts all of the data that is sent over the network while also providing an additional layer of protection against hackers and other malicious actors. In addition, since most VPNs use shared IP addresses, it makes it difficult for anyone to trace any activity back to the user’s device.

This allows users to browse the web securely without worrying about their personal information being compromised.

For those looking for improved privacy, a VPN can help by hiding your IP address from networks that are connected to the internet. This means that websites cannot track your browsing history or gather any personal information about you without your permission.

Furthermore, many VPNs offer features such as split-tunneling which allows users to choose which apps they want routed through the encrypted tunnel while bypassing others.

Finally, some countries impose restrictions on certain websites and online services which may be circumvented with the help of a VPN. By connecting through a server located in another country or region, users can access content that would otherwise be unavailable due to geographic restrictions or censorship.

All in all, whether or not a VPN is necessary depends on individual preferences and requirements but there are certainly advantages that come with using one while engaging in online activities.

Are There Any Age Restrictions For Using A VPN?

The use of Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) has become increasingly popular for online activities, with many people using them to access the internet securely. However, there are some questions about who can use a VPN and whether there are any age restrictions for using one.

This article will examine the implications of age limits on VPN usage to help those considering using one better understand the legal implications.

Age limits vary from country to country when it comes to VPNs. In some countries, such as the United States and Canada, there is no minimum age restriction for using a VPN. However, in other countries such as Europe, a user must be at least 16 years old in order to legally use a VPN.

Additionally, some countries may have specific laws regarding the use of a VPN by minors or other vulnerable groups which should be taken into account when deciding whether or not to use one.

Given these restrictions and potential legal issues related to age, it is important for anyone considering using a VPN to research local laws and regulations before doing so. Understanding local laws can help ensure that any activities undertaken while using a VPN remain within the confines of the law and do not result in any unwanted consequences for users or their families.

IS It Difficult To Set Up A VPN?

When considering the use of a virtual private network (VPN), many potential users are concerned with the difficulty of setting up and using the service. This is a valid concern since VPNs are complex systems that require an understanding of how networks work, as well as access to a secure server. However, there are various options available that make it easier for users to configure a VPN without having technical expertise.

One approach is to use pre-configured applications that allow users to connect to their chosen VPN provider’s servers quickly and easily, with minimal configuration required on the user’s part. There are also software packages available that allow users to create their own VPN configurations, which can be used by one or multiple devices connected to their home network.

In addition, some providers offer step-by-step instructions or other support services such as tutorials and customer service helplines that provide further assistance in setting up a VPN connection.

Overall, while setting up a VPN may require some knowledge and effort on the user’s part, there are plenty of resources available to assist them in achieving this goal successfully. With the right tools and guidance, most users should be able to set up a secure connection without too much difficulty.

Conclusion

The use of virtual private networks (VPNs) has become increasingly popular as a means of providing an enhanced level of security when accessing the internet. As such, it is important to understand the safety of using a VPN, the cost associated with them, and whether or not they are necessary for online activities. It is also important to consider any age restrictions that may be in place and the difficulty associated with setting up a VPN.

In terms of safety, VPNs provide users with an added layer of protection when browsing online by encrypting data sent and received on the internet. This provides users with assurance that their personal data will remain secure and private from potential threats such as hackers.

In regards to cost, there are both free and paid options available depending on desired features and service levels. It should be noted that free options tend to offer fewer features compared to paid options.

For those engaging in online activities, a VPN may be warranted depending on the type of activity being conducted. For example, if users are engaging in activities such as torrenting or accessing content only available within certain geographic regions then a VPN would be required in order to access these services securely and privately.

Lastly, there are generally no age restrictions when using a VPN however parental permission may be required for those under 18 years old. Setting up a VPN can range from relatively simple to quite complex depending on individual needs so it is recommended that users do their research prior to setup.

In conclusion, understanding the safety considerations, costs associated, necessity for certain activities as well as any age restrictions involved is necessary prior to beginning usage of a virtual private network. Overall, selecting an appropriate option based on individual needs can ensure secure and private access when browsing online.